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Expected Value Calculator FullScreen

This expected value calculator helps you to quickly and easily calculate the expected value (or mean) of a discrete random variable X. Enter all known values of X and P(X) into the form below and click the "Calculate" button to calculate the expected value of X.

Expected Value (EV) Calculator


What is Expected Value Calculator

An expected value calculator is a tool used to calculate the expected value of a random variable. The expected value, also known as the mean or average, represents the long-term average outcome of a random process.

To calculate the expected value, you need to know the possible outcomes of the random variable and their respective probabilities. Here's how you can use an expected value calculator:

  1. Identify the random variable: Determine the variable that represents the uncertain or random outcome of interest. For example, if you're interested in the outcomes of rolling a fair six-sided die, the random variable could be the number rolled.

  2. Assign probabilities to each outcome: Determine the probability of each possible outcome of the random variable. In the example of rolling a fair six-sided die, each number from 1 to 6 has an equal probability of 1/6.

  3. Perform the calculation: Multiply each outcome by its corresponding probability and sum up the results. This yields the expected value of the random variable.

  4. Interpret the results: The expected value represents the average value that you would expect to obtain over many repetitions of the random process. It provides insight into the central tendency or typical outcome of the random variable.

The formula to calculate the expected value (E(X)) of a discrete random variable X is:

E(X) = Σ (x * P(x))

Where x represents each possible outcome of X, P(x) represents the probability of each outcome, and the summation Σ is taken over all possible outcomes.

It's important to note that the expected value may not necessarily correspond to any specific outcome but rather represents the average outcome over many repetitions. Additionally, the expected value assumes that the probabilities are assigned accurately and that the random variable follows a specific probability distribution.

An expected value calculator can streamline the calculations by automating the multiplication and summation steps, especially for complex scenarios with numerous outcomes and probabilities.

If you provide me with the specific random variable and its associated probabilities, I can assist you further by calculating the expected value using an example.

This calculator uses the following basic formula:

E(X) = μX = x1P(x1) + x2P(x2) + ... + xnP(xn)

E(X) = μX =
x i * P(xi)
i = 1


E(X)  is the expected value of the random variable X ,

μX  is the mean of X ,

∑  is the summation symbol ,

P(xi)  is the probability of outcome xi ,

xi  is the i th outcome of the random variable X ,

n  is the number of possible outcomes ,

i  is a possible outcome of the random variable X.

Expected Value Calculator Example

Certainly! Here's an example of how to calculate the expected value using a dataset:

Let's say we have the following dataset representing the outcomes of an experiment:

X = [1, 2, 3, 4, 5] # Outcomes P = [0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.2, 0.2] # Corresponding probabilities

To calculate the expected value, we can follow these steps:

Step 1: Multiply each outcome by its corresponding probability.

Step 2: Sum up the products calculated in Step 1.

In this example, the calculation would look as follows:

pythonCopy Code
# Convert the lists into numpy arrays x_data = np.array(X) p_data = np.array(P) # Calculate the expected value expected_value = np.sum(x_data * p_data) print("Expected Value:", expected_value)

By running this code, you should obtain the expected value, which represents the average value or the long-term average of the outcomes weighted by their respective probabilities.

In our example, the expected value would be:

Expected Value = (1 * 0.1) + (2 * 0.2) + (3 * 0.3) + (4 * 0.2) + (5 * 0.2) = 3.3

Therefore, the expected value for the given dataset is 3.3.

Please note that in order to run this code, you need to import the necessary libraries such as NumPy. Additionally, you may need to adjust the code based on your specific programming environment.